C L A S S | F I V E

Lecture on Type-Making and the origins of our alphabet. Review ampersand refinements, digitizations of uppercase letters, sketches of adeoin and any ref materials. 


  1. Refine your monograms (combined uppercase letters with 2 of your 3 ampersands) considering how the uppercase letters relate to to the ampersands in alignments, weights and degrees of complexity. Consider ligating the forms, or enclosing them. Or knocking them out of a solid to fuse them into one form.
  2. Refine your sketches for the lowercase letters and make sure you are sketching them at a similar scale, paying attention to the relative widths and degrees of personality in the forms. Not all the letters need to have the same amount of personality, but they should feel balanced and harmonious and echo and reflect each other in their shape language. Consider the relationship between the heights of your lowercase letters and your uppercase/ampersands. For next class, bring all the sketches you have made so far, and the final set you have achieved. This final set should show all  letters at the same scale and with the same alignments, so that you can digitize them to scale easily. We will begin digitizing these next class, or you can start over the weekend.


  1. Remember to make sure your sketches show your letters as a solid grey or black so that you can make sure the color you are achieving is consistent across the forms. 
  2. Make sure your sketches are crisp and that related forms like serifs, in-strokes, stems and curved parts are considered and bear a relationship to each other. 

If you have not already read/watched the readings from last class, please read these for next class as well as Mark Jamra's Form and Proportion in a Text Typeface